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Degrees                     B.A. Economics, University of Sussex, 1967. Upper second.

                                    Ph.D Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 1972



2014                            Knight Bachelor, for services to social science and public service.

Other Honours and Awards

2018                            Honorary Doctorate, University of Birmingham

2012                            Fellow of the British Academy

2012                            Eupolis Prize 2012, Eupolis Institute, Milan

2012                            Wolfson prize, special mention category

2008                            Institute of Healthcare Management, Companion

2007                            Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.

2006                            Honorary Doctorate (D.Litt), University of Sussex.

1999                            Founding Academician, Academy of Social Sciences

1997                            Honorary Fellow, Faculty of Public Health Medicine

1967-71                      Thouron Scholar, University of Pennsylvania

Present Post

1993 – present           Professor of Social Policy, London School of Economics

Previous Posts

2003 – 2005                Senior Policy Adviser to the Prime Minister, No.10 Downing St (on secondment).

1987 – 93                    Professor of Public Policy and (1990-93) Director, School for Advanced Urban Studies, University of Bristol.

1985 – 1987                Senior Research Fellow and Director of Welfare State Programme, Suntory-Toyota International Centre for Economics and

                                     Related Disciplines, London School of Economics

1978 – 1985                Lecturer in Economics, London School of Economics

1977 – 1978                Visiting Professor in Economics, University of California at Santa Barbara

1971 – 1977                Lecturer in Economics, University of Sussex



Public Service

2014                            Chair, Panel reviewing Birmingham Children's Services

2013                            Chair, Panel reviewing Doncaster Children’s Services

2011 – 2013                Chair, Cabinet Office Mutuals Task Force

2008 – 2013                Expert Advisory Group, Social Work Practices, Department for Children, Schools and Families

2009 – 2010                Visiting Fellow, Bureau of European Policy Advisors, European Commission, Brussels

2007 – 2009                Chair, Health England: the National Reference Group for Health and Well-being, Department of Health.

2006 – 2007                Chair, Working Group on Social Care Practices, Department for Education and Skills

2004 – 2009                Member, Group of Societal Policy Analysts, European Commission, Brussels

2007 – 2008                Member, Steering Panel, Science Review, Department of Health

1999 – 2003                Commissioner, Commission for Health Improvement

1996 – 1999                Vice-Chair and Non-Executive Director, Frenchay NHS Healthcare Trust

1994 – 1999                Member, General Officer Commanding's Health Service Advisory Board, British Forces Germany Health Commission

1994 – 1995                Non-Executive Director, Avon Health Authority

1990 – 1995                Member, Avon Family Health Service Authority

1988 – 1992                Member, Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Research Grants Board

1982 – 1986                Member, ESRC Social Affairs Committee


Current Professional Activities

2016 – present           Editorial Board, Journal of Behavioural Public Policy

2014 – present           Trustee,  Think Ahead

2007 – present           Editorial Board, Political Quarterly

2005 – present           International Advisory Board, Health Economics, Policy and Law

Previous Professional Activities

2007 – 2016                Trustee, Kings Fund

2013 – 2014                Member, Kings Fund Commission on Health and Socal Care

2013 – 2014                Member, Mutuals Advisory Panel

2011 – 2012                Member, OHE Commission on Competition in the NHS

2004 – 2011                Chairman, Harkness Fellowship Selection Committee, New York Commonwealth Fund

2007 – 2011                Member, Research Awards Advisory Committee, Leverhulme Trust

2007 – 2008                Member, Local Government Association Health Commission

1993 – 2007                Fellow and Senior Associate, Kings Fund

1999 – 2003                Governor and Member of Council, London School of Economics.

1999 – 2001                Member, Institute of Public Policy Research Commission on Public/Private Partnerships

1998 – 2000                Member, Fabian Commission on Taxation and Citizenship

1996 – 1997                Member of Council, Policy Studies Institute

1983                             Visiting Research Fellow, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra

1984 – 1986                Editorial Board, Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs

1988 – 1992                Editorial Board, Policy and Politics

1991 – 1998                Editorial Board, Consumer Policy Review


At various times         Consultant for the World Health Organisation, the World Bank, the European Commission, the OECD, the BBC, HM Treasury,

                                      the UK National Audit Office, the UK Department of Health and le Ministere de l'Urbanisme et du Logement, Paris.




Authored Books

1976                The Economics of Social Problems (with R. Robinson) Houndmills: Macmillan.


1980                The Economics of Social Problems (with R. Robinson) US edition, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.


1982                The Strategy of Equality: Redistribution and the Social Services, London:  Allen and Unwin.


1984                The Economics of Social Problems (with R. Robinson) 1984, 2nd edition, Houndmills: Macmillan.


1988                Not Only the Poor: The Middle Classes and the Welfare State (with R. Goodin et al), London: Allen and Unwin.


1991                Equity and Choice: An Essay in Economics and Applied Philosophy, London: Harper Collins (now Routledge).


1992                The Economics of Social Problems  3rd edition, (with R. Robinson and C. Propper) Houndmills: Macmillan. Also Chinese translation


1996                Rationing in the NHS: Principles and Pragmatism (with B. New),  London: Kings Fund.


2003                Motivation, Agency and Public Policy: Of Knights and Knaves, Pawns and Queens, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (link) 

                         Greek translation 2007. Japanese translation 2008.


2006                Motivation, Agency and Public Policy: Of Knights and Knaves, Pawns and Queens, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Revised Paperback



2007                The Other Invisible Hand: Delivering Public Services through Choice and Competition Oxford: Princeton University Press. (link)                                           Translated into Chinese, Russian, Japanese and Portuguese.


2008                The Economics of Social Problems  4th edition, (with C. Propper and S. Smith) Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.


2015                Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend? (with Bill New). Princeton: Princeton University Press. (link)


Edited Books

1984                Privatisation and the Welfare State (ed with R. Robinson), London: Allen and Unwin.


1989                Market Socialism (ed with S. Estrin), Oxford: Oxford University Press.


1993                Quasi-Markets and Social Policy (ed with W. Bartlett), Houndmills: Macmillan.


1994                Evaluating the NHS Reforms (ed with R. Robinson), London: Kings Fund Institute.


                         Quasi-Markets in the Welfare State (ed with W. Bartlett, C. Propper, and D. Wilson) SAUS Publications, Bristol.


1998                A Revolution in Social Policy: Quasi-Market Reforms in the 1990s (ed with W. Bartlett, and J. Roberts) Bristol: the Policy Press.


                         The State of Social Welfare, 1997  (ed with P. Flora, Jong and J-Y Kim) Aldershot: Ashgate.


                         Learning from the NHS Internal Market: A Review of the Evidence (ed with N. Mays and J. Mulligan) London: Kings Fund Publishing.


1999                Health Care and Cost Containment in the European Union (ed with E.Mossialos) Aldershot: Ashgate.


2002                Understanding Social Exclusion (ed with J. Hills and D. Piachaud) Oxford: Oxford University Press.


2007                Making Social Policy Work (ed with J. Hills and D. Piachaud) Bristol: Policy Press.


Government Reports

2007                Consistent Care Matters: Exploring the Potential of Social Work Practices London: Department for Education and Skills.


2009                Incentives for Prevention (with Divya Srivastava)  Health England Report No 3


2013                Report to the Secretary of State for Education on Ways Forward for Children’s Services in Doncaster


2014                Report to the Secretary of State for Education and the Minister for Children and Families on Ways Forward for Children’s Services in


Other Volumes

1990                Symposium on the Welfare State (ed with B. Barry and R. Goodin) Ethics, University of Chicago Press 


                         Social Welfare in Britain and Poland (ed with W. Okrasa), STICERD Occasional Paper No.12, LSE.


1997                Public/Private Partnerships (with D. Corry and R. Radcliffe), London: Institute of Public Policy Research



Articles In Refereed Journals

1971                'Concerning the appropriate formulae for achieving horizontal equity through revenue sharing' (with A. Reschovsky), National Tax

                          Journal, 24, 475-486.   


1975                'Public price discrimination and aid to low income groups', Economica, 42, 32-42. 


                         'Fiscal equity and central government grants to local authorities', Economic Journal, 85, 531-547. (Also submitted as evidence to

                          the Layfield Committee on local government finance).


1977                'Towards an economic model of local government behaviour' (with D. Winter), Policy and Politics, 5, 23-39.


                         'Fiscal equity and central government grants to local authorities: reply',  Economic Journal, 87, 780-2. 


1978                'The distribution of public expenditure: the case of health care',  Economica, 45, 124-142. 


1982                'The distribution of public expenditure on education',  Economica, 49, 63-68. 


1984                'Optimal taxation, the compensation principle and the measurement of changes in economic welfare', Journal of Public Economics,

                         24, 241-7. 


                         'Equity as an economic objective', Journal of Applied Philosophy, 1, 39-51.  Reprinted in B. Almond and D. Hill (eds)  Applied

                         Philosophy: Morals and Metaphysics in Contemporary Debate, Routledge (1991). Also reprinted in N. Barr (ed) Economic Theory and

                         the Welfare State Edward Elgar 2001


                         'Evaluation de l'impact redistributif des despenses publiques: quelques problemes methodologiques', Consommation Review de

                         Socio-Economie, 3, 3-17. 


1985                'Come and get it: distributional biases in social services delivery' (with D.Gibson and R.Goodin), Policy and Politics, 13, 109-125. 


                         'The economic analysis of inequalities in health' (with J.M. Muurinen), Social Science and Medicine, 20, 1029-1035 (Invited paper,

                          Joint Conference of Health Economists and Medical Sociologists at the University of York, July 1983). 


                         'Inequality and housing' (with A. O'Sullivan and R. Robinson), Urban Studies, 22, 249-256. 

                         'Comment on "Inequality, redistribution and recession", Journal of Social Policy, 14, 309-312. 


1987                'Creeping universalism in the welfare state: evidence from Australia' (with R. Goodin), Journal of Public Policy, 6, 255-274 


                         'Equity, health and health care', Social Justice Research, 1, 257-274. 

                         'Equity, well-being and economic choice', Journal of Human Resources, 22, 429-440. 


                         'Inequalities in health: some international comparisons', European Economic Review, 31, 182-191. (Invited paper, First Annual

                         Congress of the European Economic Association, Vienna, 1986). Also reprinted in N. Barr (ed) Economic Theory and the Welfare State.


                         'The middle classes and the welfare state under Labour and Conservative Governments' (with D. Winter), Journal of Public Policy, 6,

                         399-430.  Reprinted in R. Goodin and D. Mitchell (eds) Foundations of the Welfare State, Vol.III  Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.


1989                ‘How far is the poll tax a "community charge"? The implications of service usage evidence’ (with G. Bramley and W. Low), Policy and

                         Politics, 17, 187-205. Version in Italian published in Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, 47,56-87.


                         'Working for patients? The right approach?' (with N. Barr and H. Glennerster), Social Science and Administration, 23, 117-127.

                         Also published as House of Commons Paper 214-I, Social Services Committee Session 1988-1989.


                         'Equidade: saude e cuidados de saude' (equity, health and health care), Revista Portuguesa de Saude Publica, 7, 5-15.


1990                'Equity versus efficiency: the elusive trade-off', Ethics, 10, 554-568. 


                         ‘The Ackroyds, the Osbornes and the welfare state: the impact of the welfare state on two hypothetical families over their life-time'

                         (with F. Woolley), Policy and Politics, 18, 17-30


1991                'Quasi-markets and social policy,' Economic Journal, 101, 1256-1267. Reprinted in R.Goodin and D. Mitchell (eds) Foundations of

                         the Welfare State, Vol.I  Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.  Version in Finnish published in TTT Kansans, 19, 52-60.  Version in Hebrew


                        'The theory of government failure' British Journal of Political Science, 21, 423-442.  Reprinted in N. Barr (ed) Economic Theory

                         and the Welfare State  Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2001.  Also reprinted in G.Boyne and R.Ashworth (eds) Organising Government

                         SAGE publications.

                        'The distribution of health care revisited' Journal of Health Economics, 10, 239-245. 


1992                'Equity in health and social care' (with M. Evandrou, J. Falkingham and D. Winter), Journal of Social 32c  lPolicy, 21, 489-523. 


1993                Welfare Benefits in Kind and Income Distribution' (with M. Evandrou, J. Falkingham and J. Hills), Fiscal Studies, 14, 57-76. 


                        'The evaluation of health care systems reforms' Il Politico, LVIII, 31-53. Also published in M. Ferrara (ed) The Evaluation of Social

                         Policies: Experiences and Perspectives, Universita di Pavia, 14, 57-76.


                         'Can we afford the welfare state?' British Medical Journal, 307, 1018-19. 


                         'Regional inequalities in mortality' (with R. Illsley), Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 47, 444-449. 


1994                'Internal market rules OK' British Medical Journal, 309, 1596.

1995                'The Strategy of Equality revisited: reply' Journal of Social Policy, 24, 187-189. 


                         'The development of quasi-markets in welfare provision in the United Kingdom' (with H. Glennerster)  International Journal of Health

                          Services, 25,  203-218


1997                'Knights, knaves or pawns?  Human behaviour and social policy' Journal of Social Policy, 26, 149-169. 


                         'Ethnicity, equity and the use of health services in the British NHS' (with C. Smaje), Social Science and Medicine, 45, 485-496. 


                         'Perche definire un paccheto di prestazioni sanitarie di competenza del National Health Service britannico' (with B. New) L'Assistenza

                          Sociale 1/2, June/July, 231-238.


1998                ‘Tax relief and partnership pensions’ (with Phil Agulnik)  Fiscal Studies, 19, 403-428. 


                         ‘Caballeros, picaros o subordinados? Acerca del comportamiento humano y la politica social’ Desarollo Economico, Revista de

                         Ciencias Sociales, 38, 723-741. 


1999                ‘Competition, co-operation or control?  Tales from the British National Health Service’ Health Affairs, 18, 27-39.


                         ‘Social exclusion in Britain 1990-1995’ (with T. Burchardt and D. Piachaud) Social Policy and Administration, 33, 227-244. 


                         ‘Incentives and health policy: primary and secondary care in the British National Health Service’ (with D.Hausman)  Social Science and

                         Medicine,  49, 1299-1307. 


                         ‘Monopoly in sports broadcasting’ (with W. New) Policy Studies, 20, 23-36. 


2000                ‘Equity and the economic evaluation of health care’  (with F. Sassi and L. Archard) Health Technology Assessment. 5 (3). (link)

2001                ‘Equity versus efficiency: a dilemma for the NHS’ (with F. Sassi and L. Archard) British Medical Journal, 323, 762-3.  


2002                ‘Further tales from the British National Health Service’ Health Affairs, 21 (3) (May/June), 116-128. 


                         ‘The Labour Government and the National Health Service’ Oxford Review of Economic Policy 18 (2), 137-153. 


                         ‘Addressing health inequalities’ (with A. Oliver and A. Healey) The Lancet 360, 565-567. 


                         ‘Outsider and insider expertise: the response of residents of deprived neighbourhoods to an academic definition of social exclusion’

                         (with Liz Richardson) Social Policy and Administration 36 (5): 496-515. 


2004                ‘The motivation and behaviour of hospital trusts’ (with T.Crilly) Social Science and Medicine 58(10): 1809-1823. 


2005                ‘Should citizens of a welfare state be transformed into’queens’? A response to Risse’ Economics and Philosophy 21 (2) 305-308.


2006                ‘Is greater patient choice consistent with equity? The case of the English NHS’. (with A. Dixon) Journal of Health Services Research and                               Policy 11 (3) 162-166. 


                         ‘Equity and choice in public services’ Social Research 73(2) 695-710. 


                         ‘Academia, policy and politics’ Health Economics, Policy and Law 1(4):319-322 . 


2007                ‘Is the British National Health Service equitable? The evidence on socioeconomic differences in utilization’ (with A. Dixon. J Henderson,

                         R. Murray, and E. Poliakoff)  Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 12 (2) 104-109. 


2008                ‘The giants of excess: a challenge to the nation’s health’ Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A 171 (4) 843-856.

                         ‘Patient choice in general practice: the implications of patient satisfaction surveys’ (with R. Robertson and A. Dixon) Journal of Health

                         Services Research and Policy, 13 (2) 67-72. 


                         ‘The dynamics of commissioning across organisational and clinical boundaries’ (with K. Baxter and M. Weiss) Journal of Health

                         Organisation and Management, 22, 111-128.

                         ‘Motivations and commissioning: perceived and expressed motivations of care home providers’, (with T. Matosevic and M. Knapp)

                         Social Policy and Administration, 42, 3, 228-247. 


2009                ‘A healthy choice? Direct payments and healthcare in the English NHS’  (with J. Glasby and S. Duffy)  Policy and Politics 37(4), 481-497. 


                         ‘Choice and competition in publicly funded health care’ and ‘Response to Hunter, Dixon and Saltman’ Health Economics, Policy and

                         Law 4 (4), 479-488 and 513-514. 


                         ‘Equity, waiting times and  NHS reforms: retrospective study’ (with Z. Cooper, A. McGuire and S. Jones).  British Medical Journal (3

                         Sept)  BMJ 2009;339;b3264, doi:10.1136/bmjb3264. 

                         ‘Subjective unmet need and utilization of health care services in Canada. What are the equity implications?’ (with S. Allan and M.

                         Grignon). Social Science and Medicine xxx, 1-8. 


2010                ‘Response’  Health Economics, Policy and Law 5 , 247. 


                         ‘Knights and knaves return: public service motivation and the delivery of public services’ International Public Management Journal 13

                         (1) 56-71. 


2011                ‘Should the U.S. National School Lunch program continue its in-kind food benefit?  A school district-level analysis of funding efficiency

                         and equity’ (with Cora Peterson) .Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy Aug 20


                         'Quasi-markets vs state provision of public services: some ethical considerations’  Public Reason 3(2), 80-89. 

2013                'Framing health reform' (with Z. Cooper)  Health Economics, Policy and Law 8(2),  251-257.

                         ‘Will 1 April mark the beginning of the end of England's NHS? No'  BMJ 346: f1975 


2017                ‘The public service mutual: theories of motivational advantage’ Public Administration Review, 78 (1).   


                         ‘Choice and public policy’  Journal of Behavioural Public Policy. 


2018                ‘Future imperfect: behavioral economics and government paternalism’ Review of Behavioral Economics, 5 ( 3-4) 281-290.  


2019                ‘Economics for the Common Good, Jean Tirole’.  Review article. Economics and Philosophy, 35 (1) 179-186. 



Book Chapters

1980                'Comment on labour supply and redistribution' in D. Collard, R. Lecomber and M. Slater (eds), Income Distribution: the Limits to

                         Redistribution, John Wright and Sons.


1983                'Making redistribution work: the social services' in H. Glennerster (ed) The Future of the Welfare State, Heinemann.


                         'Privatisation and the social services' in J. Griffiths (ed) Socialism in a Cold Climate, Allen and Unwin.

1984                'Privatisation and the welfare state: an introduction' (with R. Robinson) in J. Le Grand and R. Robinson (eds) Privatisation and the

                         Welfare State, Allen and Unwin.


1985                'On measuring the distributional impact of public expenditure' in A.J. Culyer and G. Terny (eds), Public and Private Health Services,

                         Basil Blackwell.


1986                'Inequalities in health and health care: a research agenda' in R. Wilkinson (ed),  Class and Health, Tavistock.


                         'Trends in British health inequality, 1931-83' (with M. Rabin), in A. Culyer and B. Jonson (eds),  Public and Private Health Services, Basic



1987                'The measurement of inequality in health' (with R. Illsley) in A. Willams (ed) Health and Economics, Macmillan. (Invited paper, British

                         Association for Advancement of Science, Bristol, 1985).

                         'The welfare state 1970-1985: extent and effectiveness' (with A.B. Atkinson and J. Hills) in R. Dornbusch and R.  Layard (eds) The

                         Performance of the British Economy,  Oxford University Press.


                        'Desigualdades em saude: uma perspectiva economica' (inequalities in health: an economic perspective) in A. Correia de Campos and

                         J. Pereira (eds), Sociedad, Saude e Economia, Escola Nacional de Saude e Economia, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica: Lisbon, (Invited

                         paper, Fifth Iberian Conference on Health Economics, Lisbon, May 1985).


                        'The welfare state under Mrs Thatcher' in S.B. Seward (ed) The Future of Social Welfare Systems in Canada and the United Kingdom.

                        (Invited paper, Dalhousie Canada/UK Colloquium, Ottawa, 1984).


1988               'The privatisation of welfare' in M. Mulreany and L. St. John Devlin, Public Expenditure and the Private Sector, Dublin: Institute of

                         Public Administration. Version also published in LSE Quarterly 1 (1987), 255-271.


1989                'An international comparison of distributions of ages-at-death' in J. Fox (ed) Health Inequalities in European Countries, Gower.

                         'Market socialism' (with S. Estrin) and 'Markets, equality and welfare' in J. Le Grand and S. Estrin (eds) Market Socialism, Oxford

                         University Press.  Version of 'Markets, equality and welfare' in Spanish published in A. Broggi et al (eds)

                         Crisis Economica y Estado del Bienestar, Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.


                         'Poverty and social welfare in the United Kingdom' in The Financing of Social Protection in the Community: the Toledo Seminar,

                          V/1311/88-EN, Commission of the European Communities. Also published in Spanish in Revista de Seguridad Social, No. 35,

                         Ano 1987, Julio-Septiembre, 157-215.


1990                'The National Health Service: safe in whose hands?' (with D. Winter and F. Woolley) and 'The state of welfare' in J. Hills (ed) The State

                         of Welfare: the Welfare State in Britain since 1974, Oxford University Press.


                         'Rethinking welfare: a case for quasi-markets' in B. Pimlott, A. Wright and T. Flower (eds) The Alternative, W.H.Allen.


1991                'Liberty, equality and vouchers' in D. Green (ed) Empowering the Parents, Institute of Economic Affairs.


1992                'La financiacion y suministro de asistencia sanitaria en Gran Bretana: el debate actual' in La Reforma del Sistema Sanitario (ed) F.

                         Antonanzas and J. Perez-Campanero.


                         'Some implications of 1992 and beyond' Ch. 6 in Income Security in Britain: A Research and Policy Agenda for the Next Ten Years, ESRC


1993                'Introduction', 'The theory of quasi-markets' and 'Quasi-markets: the way forward?' in J. Le Grand and W. Bartlett (eds) Quasi-Markets                               and Social Policy, Macmillan.

                         ‘Equity in the distribution of health care: the British debate’ in E. Van Doorslaer, A.Wagstaff and F. Rutten  Equity in the Finance and

                         Delivery of Health Care: An International Perspective, Oxford University Press.


                         'Paying for or providing welfare?' in R. Page and N. Deakin (eds) The Costs of Welfare, Avebury.


                        'Quasi-markets and community care' in N. Thomas, N. Deakin and J. Doling (eds) Learning from Innovation, Birmingham Academic



                         'Ein wandel in der verwendung von policy-instrumenten: quasi-markte and gesundheitspolitik' in A. Heritier (ed) Policy-Analyse: Kritik

                         und Neuorientierung, Westdeutscher Verlay.


1994                'The performance of trusts' (with Will Bartlett) and 'Evaluating the NHS reforms' in R. Robinson and J. Le Grand (eds) Evaluating the

                          NHS Reforms, King's Fund Institute.


                         'Models of Swedish health care reforms: a preliminary assessment' in HSU 2000 International Perspectives on Healthcare Reform in

                          Sweden, Stockholm, Ministry of Health and Social Affairs.


                         'Where next?' (with W. Bartlett and C. Propper) in W. Bartlett, C. Propper, D. Wilson and J. Le Grand (eds) Quasi-Markets in the Welfare

                         State, SAUS Publications, Bristol.


                         'Markets and the future of the welfare state' in G. Chaloupek and B. Robmann (eds) Die Zukunft des Wohlfahrtsstaates, Vienna: Orac.


1995                'The market, the state and the distribution of lifetime income' in J. Falkingham and J. Hills (eds) The Dynamic of Welfare, Hemel

                          Hempstead: Prentice Hall/Harvester Wheatsheaf.


                         'The development of quasi-markets in welfare provision in the United Kingdom' (with H. Glennerster) International Journal of Health

                          Services, 25, 203-218.  Also published in French in Revue Francaise d'Economie, 10, 111-135. Also reprinted in N. Barr (ed) Economic

                          Theory and the Welfare State  Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.


1996                 'Contracting and the purchaser-provider split' (with R. Robinson) in R. Saltman and C. Von Otter (eds) Implementing Planned Markets

                          in Health Care Buckingham: Open University Press.

                          ‘Financing health care’ in Z. Feacham, M. Henshe and L. Rose  (eds) Implementing Health Sector reform in Central Asia.  Washington:

                          World Bank


                          'Quasi-markets: the answer to market failure in health care?' in P. Day et al (eds) The State, Politics and Health: Essays for Rudolf

                          Klein, Oxford: Blackwell.


                          'Equity, efficiency and the rationing of health care' in A. Culyer and A. Wagstaff (eds) Reforming Health Care Systems: Experiments

                          with the NHS, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Reprinted in N. Barr (ed) Economic Theory and the Welfare State  Cheltenham: Edward                                       Elgar

                         'New visions of welfare' in H. Sasson and D. Diamond (eds) LSE on Social Science, London: LSE Books.


1997                'La reforma de la sanidad orientada al mercado: la experiencia britannica' in La Modernizacion de la Sanidad Publica en el Mundo.                                   Madrid: Arthur Andersen.


                         'Afterword'  Ch.19 in A. Oakley and J. Ashton (eds) The Gift Relationship by Richard Titmuss Original edition with new chapters.

                         London: LSE Books. Also reprinted in N. Barr (ed) Economic Theory and the Welfare State  Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.


                         'La nueva economia del bienestar' in  L. Moreno (ed) Union Europea y Estado del Bienestar Madrid: Consejo Superior de

                         Investigaciones Cientificas.

1998                ‘The National Health Service: crisis, change or continuity? (with Vizard, P.) in H. Glennerster and J. Hills (eds) The State of Welfare 2nd   

                         edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.                


                         ‘Broadcasting and public purposes in the new millenium’ (with New, B.) in A. Graham et al  Public Purposes in Broadcasting. Luton:

                          University of Luton Press.


1999                ‘Financing health care’ in Z. Feacham, M. Hensher, and L. Rose  (eds) Implementing Health Sector Reform in Central Asia.  Washington

                          D.C.: Economic Development Institute of the World Bank. (link)

                         ‘Los nuevos desalios de la politica social: estado, mercado y equidad. La experienca del Reino Unido’ in J. Carpio and I. Novacovsky

                          (eds) De Igual a Igual Buenos Aires: Sistema de Informacion, Monitore y Evaluacion de Programas Sociales.


                         ‘New approaches to the welfare state’ in A. Gamble and T.Wright (eds) The New Social Democracy. Oxford: Blackwells. (link)


                         ‘Conceptions of social justice’ in R.Walker (ed) Ending Child Poverty  Bristol: the Policy Press.


2000                ‘La competencia y les fuerzas del mercado en el Estado de Bienestar’ in S. Machado, J. Delagado, L. Seara (eds) Las Estructuras del

                         Bienestar en Europa Madrid: Civitas Ediciones, Fundacion ONCE.


                         ‘From knight to knave?  Public policy and market incentives’ in P.Taylor-Gooby (ed) Risk, Trust and Welfare Houndmills: Macmillan. 

                         Also published in Spanish as: ‘De caballeros a picaros? Politicas publicas e incentivos de mercado?’ in Presente y Futuro del Estado 

                         de Bienestar Buenos Aires: Sistema de Informacion, Monitore y Evaluacion de Programas Sociales.


                         ‘Health and the City’ in M. Marinker (ed) Medicine and Humanity  London: Kings Fund.


                         ‘What kind of health inequality?’ in A. Oliver, R. Cookson and D. McDaid The Issues Panel for Equity in Health: the Discussion Papers.

                         London: the Nuffield Trust. 


                         ‘The provision of health care: is the public sector ethically superior to the private sector?’ in B. New and J. Neuberger (eds) Hidden   

                         Assets: Values and Decision-making in the NHS  London: Kings Fund.   Also published in Russian in Health Management, 3: 18-28.


                         ‘Degrees of exclusion: developing a dynamic, multi-dimensional measure’ (with T. Burchardt and D. Piachaud).  Ch. 3 in J. Hills,  J. Le

                         Grand and D.  Piachaud (eds) Understanding Social Exclusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                         ‘What should the government do next?’ in J. Wilson (ed) Equality in Action London: the Smith Institute.


2003                ‘Primary care organisations and the ‘modernisation’ of the NHS (with Matthew Bond) in B. Dowling and C. Glendinning (eds). The New                               Primary Care Maidenhead: Open University Press.


                         ‘Models of public service provision: command and control, networks or quasi-markets?’ in HM Treasury Public Services Productivity                                   London: HM Treasury.


                         ‘The case for the internal market’ in J. Dixon (ed) Can Market Forces be Used for Good? London: Kings Fund

2004                ‘Individual choice and social exclusion’ in K Dowding, R Goodin and C Pateman (eds) Justice and Democracy.  Cambridge: Cambridge

                         University Press. 


2005                ‘Inequality, choice and public services’ in A Giddens and P Diamond (eds) The New Egalitarianism  Cambridge: Polity.


2006                ‘Implementing stakeholder grants: the British case’ in E. Olin Wright (ed) Redesigning Redistribution New York: Verso.                


2007                ‘The United Kingdom: more of an economic than a social European’ (with E Mossialos and M Long) in J Kvist and J Saari (eds) The

                         Europeanisation of Social Protection Bristol: Policy Press.


                         ‘Quasi-markets in health care’. Ch 7 in J. Hills, J. Le Grand and D. Piachaud (eds) Making Social Policy Work  Bristol: the Policy Press.


2008                ‘Choice and competition in health care’ in B. Rosen, R. Saltman and M. Shari (ed) Health Systems; Are we in a Post-Reform Era? The 

                         Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Service Research.


2009                ‘Choice and competition in school education’ The Japan-UK Educational Forum 13 Education Department: Tokyo Metropolitan 



2010                ‘La question du choix dans les systèmes de santé: illusion ou solution?’ in P. Geoffard, R. Guesnerie, J. Le Grand La Santé par Quels

                         Moyens et à Quels Prix? Base Recherche Action Innovation Santé (BRAINS): Presse Universitaires de France.


2011                ‘Motivation and the delivery of social services’ in S. Brown, R.M. Brown and L. Penner (eds)  Moving Beyond Self-Interest  Oxford:

                         Oxford University Press.  

2012                ‘Continuity and change: public service reform from Thatcher to the Coalition’ in N. Seddon  (ed) The Next Ten Years  London: Reform

                         Research Trust


                         ‘Possibili Curi’ in Centro Nazionale di Prevenzione e Difesa Sociale Disparita Economiche e Sociali: Cause, Conseguenze e Rimedi  

                         Milan: Giuffe Editore


                         ‘Subsidiarity and individual responsibility: quasi-markets and asset-based welfare’ in A. Brugnoli and A. Colombo (eds) Goverment,

                         Goverance and Welfare Reform Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. 


2013                ‘Individual responsibility, health and health care’ in N. Eyal, S.  Hurst, O. Norheim,  and D. Wikler (eds)  Inequalities in Health.  Oxford:

                         Oxford University Press. 


Articles in Other Journals

1987                'The survival of the welfare state' The Economic Review 5, 34-38.               


1988                'Welfare and the market'  Social Justice in Australia, Supplement to Australian Society. December 1988/January 1989.


1991                ‘Spreading it around’ Fabian Review, 103:3, August.


1992                'Regulation and freedom in a public market' in Managers, Citizens and Consumer, Office of Pulic Management.


1997                'Can the poor have stakes?' Business Strategy Review, 8, 56-57.


1998                ‘Partnership versus compulsion’(with P.Agulnik) New Economy, 5, 147-152.


1999                ‘Ownership and social policy’  Political Quarterly, 69, 415-421. 


2002                ‘Ready, steady, stop’ (with K. Baxter, J. Shephard and M. Weiss) Health Service Journal, 112, no.5796, 14 March.


                         ‘Fee for service system is key’ Hospital Doctor 12 September.


2003                ‘Schooled in success’ Health Service Journal, 16 January


                         ‘The least worst way to provide public services: the case for competition’ Renewal,11 (2) 29-33.


                         ‘Doctrines and nurses’ Progress, June/July, 42-43.


2006                ‘Sixty years on, how Bevan’s vision is bearing up’ Health Service Journal 27 April


                         ‘Choice and competition in Britain’s National Health Service’ Eurohealth 12 (1)


                         ‘Choice and competition in public services’ Research in Public Policy: Bulletin of the Centre for Market and Public Organisation Issue2,


                         'A better class of choice’ Public Finance 31st March. 


2007                ‘The politics of choice and competition in public services’ Political Quarterly 78(2) 207-213. 


2008                ‘Investing in youth: Bambini Bonds’ European Commission Bureau of Economic Advisers Monthly Brief: Special Issues Social Agenda

                         Issue 16, June 16, 18-22. 


                         ‘Health England’ ( with R Sherriff) the newsletter of the Faculty of Public Health


                         ‘Can government trust the public services?’ Political Quarterly, 79,  314-15.


2010                ‘The Child Trust Fund: a national treasure’ Fabian Review, 121, No.4, Jan 4th.


                         ‘Bonding with baby’ LSE Connect, 22 (2) Winter, p.13.  


2012                'Delivering Britain's public services through quasi-markets: what we have achieved so far' Research in Public Policy: Bulletin of the

                         Centre for Markets and Public Organisation, University of Bristol Issue 13, 3-4. 


2014                ‘The idea of charging for health care may have been killed for good’  Health Service Journal 4 Sept.


Other Publications

1972                An Investigation of the Utility Function Implicit in Government Taxation and Expenditure Decisions, PhD thesis, University of



1979                Economics and Social Problems (with R. Robinson), Audio-Learning Tape.


1981                'Inequalities in health', Letter to British Medical Journal, 11 July, 283, 147.


1982                Fiscal Inequalities in the United Kingdom, Report for Le Ministere d'Urbanisme et du Logement, Paris.


1983                Costs and Expenditure in Education: A Case Study of the United Kingdom, SME/ET/83.11, OECD, Paris.


1984                Inequalities in Health and Health Care, Nuffield/York Portfolio No.5. 


1985                Redistribution and the Fiscal System, Open University, Milton Keynes.


1988                Obligatory Levies and Social Expenditures: the British Perspective. Report to the Commission of the European Communities.

                         Published in Commission of the European Communities Obligatory Levies and Social Protection, V/184/88-EN Brussels.


                        'Reform and the National Health Service' (with N. Barr and H. Glennerster). House of Commons Paper 264-IV, Social Services

                         Committee, Session 1987-1988.


1990                'Bureaucracies and distribution' (with D. Winter) in F. Millard (ed) Social Welfare and the Market, STICERD Occasional Paper 15, LSE.


1991                'Convergence in health and health care post 1992' (in Greek) in Proceedings of Symposium on Health Care Systems and the Challenge

                         of Europe after 1992. Athens, Ta Nea.


                         'Markets in Social Care Services: A Resource Pack' (with L. Hoyes), SAUS.


1992                'Made to Measure? Performance Indicators, Performance Review and the Reform of Community Care' (with L. Hoyes and R. Means),

                         SAUS Occasional Paper No. 39.


                         'Who Uses Local Services? Striving for Equity' (with G. Bramley) The Belgrave Papers No. 4. London: Local Government Management



1994                'Action on social inequalities in health: an overview' in BMJ Publishing Group Action on Social Inequalities in Health London: BMJ


1996                'Quasi-markets in welfare' in S. Trevillon and P. Beresford (eds) Meeting the Challenge: Social Work Education and the Community

                          Care Revolution, National Institute for Social Work.


                         'The new economy of welfare: a research strategy' in J. Millar and J. Bradshaw (eds) Social Welfare Systems: A Research Strategy Bath

                         Social Policy Papers No.24.  Bath: University of Bath.                   


1998                'Fair Game? Tackling Monopoly in Sports Broadcasting' (with B. New). London: Demos. 

2000                'A Capital Idea: Start-up Grants for Young People' (with D. Nissan).  London: Fabian Society.


2003                ‘The state, the market and welfare’ in A.Gunji (ed) The Role and Limitations of the Market in Health and Welfare Systems. Tokyo:

                         Seigakuin University


                         'Choice: What role can it play in helping local public services evolve?' E-pamphlet: New Local Government Network.


                         'Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the UK and Germany - Research and Evidence on Supply and Demand ' (with A. Dixon,

                         A.Reisburg, S.Weinbrenner, O. Saka, and R. Busse) Lonodn; Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society. (link)


2006                Looked After or Overlooked?  Good Parenting and School Choice for Looked After Children (with David Chater)  London: Social Market



2008                ‘Outside Views: Julian Le Grand’ in N. Timmins (ed) Rejuvenate or Retire? Views of the NHS at 60  London: Nuffield Trust. 


2010                ‘Moderniser le welfare state britannique’ La Vie des Idées' In English: ‘How to Modernize the British Welfare State’ 


2013                ‘If anything the NHS should be carpeted with more competition’ The Conversation. 


                         Julian Le Grand in N.Timmins (ed) The Wisdom of the Crowd: 65 views of the NHS at 65. London: Nuffield Trust. 


Book reviews in the Economic Journal, Economica, Government and Opposition, Times Higher Education Supplement, Journal of Social Policy, etc.


Print Journalism


1978                'Who benefits from public expenditure?', New Society, 21 September, 45, No.883, 614-616.

1984                'The future of the welfare state', New Society, 7 June 68, 385-6.

                         'Through a door marked private' (with R. Robinson), The Guardian, 31 October.

                         'Financing students' (with H. Glennerster), New Society, 13 December, No.1147, 421-2.

1985                'Taxation and inequality', New Society, 14 March, No.1159, 401-2.

1987                'Health and wealth' New Society, 16 January, 79, No.1255, 9-11.

                         'The market: workers, capital and consumers', New Statesman, 6 March, 113, No.2919, 16-18.

                         'Wealth tax reform overdue', The Independent, 10 June.

1988                'Defending the NHS', New Statesman, 29 January, 115, No.2966, 12.20.

1989                'Equality goes to market', New Statesman and Society, May.

                         'Managing the Economy', New Socialist, June/July, No.61, 12-13.

                         'Choice in education', Samizdat, No.5.

                         'Vouchers reclaimed', Samizdat, November/December, No.7, 17.

1990                'The answer to the poll tax', Samizdat, February/March, 40-42.

                         'Party lines', New Statesman and Society, 6 December, Vol. 4, No.180, 22.

                         'Power struggle', New Statesman and Society, 6 December, Vol. 4, No.180,22.

1992                 'A dose of market reform' Financial Times, 13 May.

1993                'Markets and health' New Statesman and Society,

1994                'Quasi-markets and welfare' Community Care, 27 January.

1995                'Muddle in the middle' Financial Times, 4 April.

                         'Nursery vouchers' (with H. Glennerster) The Guardian, 4 April.

                         'A system for knights as well as knaves' Parliamentary Brief December.

1996                'Thinking the unthinkable' Prospect, July.

                         'Health rationing', The Guardian, 24 July.

1997                'New ways in welfare'  New Statesman, 126, No.4332.'A means to an end' The Guardian, 26 Jan.

                         ‘The Third Way begins with CORA’ New Statesman, 6 March.

                         ‘The market that never was’ The Guardian, 16 September

1999                ‘Redistribution of sorts; a budget commentary’ Financial Times, 10 March           

                         ‘How to cage the fat cats’  New Statesman, July 26

                         ‘Dons delight’ The Guardian, 20 July

                         ‘Treating poverty’ The Guardian, 21 Sept 

                         ‘A birthday gift for every teenager’ (with D. Nissan) New Statesman, 4 August

2000                ‘Should Labour go private?’ (with G. Kelly) New Statesman, 14 August.

                         ‘Plus ca change’ Letter to The Guardian, 9 June

2002                ‘New contracts for NHS consultants’ Letter to The Times, 17 June

                         ‘Public service, private rewards’ Financial Times, 4 June

  1. ‘Knight or Knave’. The Guardian, 17 Sept 

  2. ‘Payment by results will save our health service’ The Guardian, 12 October 

2005                ‘Commissioning in the NHS’ (with others) New Statesman Special Supplement, 14 November

2006                ‘Too little choice’ Prospect  January 

                         ‘Raise the stakes for looked after-children’ (with David Chater) Times Educational Supplement, 29 September                  

2007                ‘Blair’s Golden Age’ Prospect  July

2009                ‘Is inequality to blame for all social ills?’  Prospect May, 79-80. 

                         ‘No turning back’ (with Z.Cooper) BMA News 23rd May, 14-15

                         ‘The NHS can cost less and still care’ (with Z. Cooper) The Guardian 4 Sep

2010                ‘We must not sacrifice the child trust fund’  The Guardian 27 April

                         ‘Cut child benefit, not tax credits’ The Guardian 15 May

                         ‘You don’t have to be rich: Philanthropy and voluntary taxation’  The Guardian 2 September 

2011                ‘Quit euro – then instantly rejoin at weaker rate’ Financial Times 17 Nov

                         ‘Quitting, rejoining and interpreting the treaties’Financial Times 30 Nov

2012                ‘The geeks must quash the believers in gut instinct’ Financial Times 21 Feb

                         ‘Why employee ownership will lead to better public services’ (with S. Kelly)

                         The Guardian 8 May 

                         ‘Making mutuals sustainable is no easy task’  The Guardian 8 November


Blog Entries

2010              ‘This spending review may yet be helpful for social indicators: only time will tell’ British Politics and Policy at LSE 3 Feb 

2010              ‘Greater choice and competition in the NHS now provides a mature set of solutions whose time has come’ British Politics and Policy at

                        LSE 15 July

2011               ‘A small change for a big result: the case of M & S shows that choice can

                        encourage positive environmental behaviour’ British Politics and Policy at

                        LSE 3 Feb 

2011               ‘A much maligned reform of hospitals is working’ behaviour’ British Politics

                       and Policy at LSE 26 May 

2011               ‘To ease the pain of devaluation countries should quit the euro – then instantly

                        re-join at a weaker rate’ behaviour’British Politics and Policy at LSE 17 No

2012               ‘Both economic theory and evidence from the UK shows that state-funded

                        healthcare which incorporates market-type incentives will save more lives and

                        reduce more suffering’ British Politics and Policy at LSE 9 March 

2012               ‘Both Greece and Germany would benefit from quitting and then instantly re-

                        joining the European Economic and Monetary Union’ European Politics and

                        Policy at LSE 16 May 

2018               ‘How to have a serious referendum on Brexit and avoid a rerun of the original’

                        British Politics and Policy at LSE 31 May 


1989                Advisor and Co-presenter ‘Spongers’ World in Action, ITV, May 15

1996                Series Consultant The New Jerusalem, BBC2

1998                Presenter, ‘An Unhealthy Obsession’ Analysis, BBC Radio 4, January 8th

                         Presenter, ‘The Profit Motive’ Analysis, BBC Radio 4, December

1999                Presenter,  ‘Beyond the Pale’   Analysis, BBC Radio 4, April 5th and 11th

                         Co-presenter ‘Winner-take-all?’  Big Ideas,  BBC2, July 25th

                         Guest, A Good Read, Radio 4, September 7 and 12

2003                Presenter, ‘Great Expectations’ Analysis, BBC Radio 4, April 17 and 24

                         Authored Film The Politics Show Sept 15th

2006                Authored Piece on NHS  World Tonight


Regular Panel Member of Any Questions, BBC Radio 4.


Many appearances on Newsnight, Today Programme, World at One, The World Tonight, On the Record, Ten O’Clock News, BBC World Service, CNN etc

Recent Invited Lectures

The Keynes Lecture, University of Kent, 11 March 1999

The Friedlander Lecture, University of California at Berkeley, 12 April, 1999.

The Marshall Lecture, University of Southampton, 9 May 2000

The Social Science Lecture, University of Brighton, 17 May 2000

The John Stuart Mill Lecture, John Stuart Mill Institute, 5 November 2000

Millennial Lecture, Kings College Medical School,  7 November 2000

The Marsden Lecture, Royal Free Hospital, 18 November 2005

The Esmee Fairbairn Lecture, University of Lancaster, 1st December 2005

The Beveridge Lecture, Royal Statistical Society, 22nd October 2007

The Benjamin E. Youngdahl Lecture in Social Policy, Washington University, Saint Louis, USA, 31st March 2008

Keynote Address, Spanish Health Economics Association, Salamanca, Spain 30 May 2008

Keynote Address, Seventh European Conference of Health Economists, Rome, 24th July 2008

The Wolfson Lecture, Barts and The London, 13th October 2008

Keynote  Address, TISS Annual Conference, Delhi, 19th December 2009

Keynote Address, Bioethics Sympsium, University of Wisconsin, April 8th , 2010

Invited Lecture, Faculty of Social Studies and Humanities, University of Mauritius, April 2011

Plenary Lecture. Politics and Policy 2012 Conference, 18th September 2012

Behavioural Public Policy Lecture, LSE, 2019

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